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<同意表現集>

「もし〜なら」



(29)あなたの援助がなければ、私たちの努力は成功しないでしょう。

◎ 1) Without your assistance, we would not be successful in our efforts.

○ 2) If it were not (or wasn't) for your assistance, we would not be successful in our efforts.

○ 3) If you didn't assist us, we would be not successful in our efforts.

◇ 4) Were it not for your assistance, we would not be successful in our efforts.

× 5) But for your assistance we would not be successful in our efforts.




[解説]

◎ 1) without O:O がないならば(最も普通の表現)

○ 2) if it were not (or wasn't) for O:O がないならば

○ 3) 仮定法を使った普通の表現

◇ 4) 2) の if の省略による倒置。堅い表現。Were の代わりに Was は不可

× 5) but for O:O がないならば(非常に堅苦しい表現。日常的にはほとんど用いられていない。but for は普通の but と普通の for と解釈されるのが一般的)

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