トップページへ

目次

<同意表現集>

「もし〜なら」



(30)もし霧が濃くなかったならば、私たちの飛行機は時間通りに着陸できただろう。

◎ 1) Without the thick fog, our plane could have landed on time.

○ 2) If it hadn't been for the thick fog, our plane could have landed on time.

○ 3) If the fog hadn't been thick, our plane could have landed on time.

◇ 4) Had it not been for the thick fog, our plane could have landed on time.

◇ 5) Had the fog not been thick, our plane could have landed on time.

◇ 6) The fog was thick; otherwise our plane could have landed on time.

× 7) But for the thick fog, our plane could have landed on time.




[解説]

◎ 1) without O:O がなかったならば(最も普通の表現)

○ 2) if it had not been for O:O がなかったならば

○ 3) 仮定法を使った普通の表現。

◇ 4) 2) の if の省略による倒置。堅い表現。

◇ 5) 3) の if の省略による倒置。堅い表現。

◇ 6) otherwise:そうでないならば

× 7) but for O:O がなかったならば(非常に堅苦しい表現。日常的にはほとんど用いられていない)

前へ もう少し詳しい解説へ 次へ