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<同意表現集>

「〜だが」



(32)彼らは貧しいけれども、家を買うのに十分なお金を何とか蓄えることができた。

◎ 1) They are poor but (they) managed to save enough money to buy a house.

◎ 2) Though (they are) poor, they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

◎ 3) Although they are poor, they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

○ 4) Poor as (or ◇though) they are, they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

○ 5) They are poor; however, (or (and) yet, (and) still, ◇nevertheless, ◇nonetheless, ◇all the same) they managed to save enough money to buy a house.


◎ 6) Despite their poverty, they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

◎ 7) In spite of their poverty, they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

○ 8) For all their poverty, they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

○ 9) With all their poverty, they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

○10) Regardless of their poverty, they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

◇11) Notwithstanding their poverty (or △Their poverty notwithstanding), they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

◇12) Irrespective of their poverty, they managed to save enough money to buy a house.


◎13) They may be poor but (they) managed to save enough money to buy a house.

◎14) They are certainly (or indeed) poor but (they) managed to save enough money to buy a house.

◎15) It is true that they are poor, but they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

○16) No doubt they are poor but (they) managed to save enough money to buy a house.

○17) They are poor, to be sure, but (they) managed to save enough money to buy a house.


◎18) Even if they are poor, they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

◎19) Even though they are poor, they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

◎20) No matter how poor they are (or ◇may be), they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

◎21) However poor they are (or ◇may be), they managed to save enough money to buy a house.

×22) Be they ever so poor, they managed to save enough money to buy a house.


△23) Granted (or Granting) (that) they are poor, they (still) managed to save enough money to buy a house.

×24) Admitting (that) they are poor, they (still) managed to save enough money to buy a house.




[解説]

◎ 1) but:しかし

◎ 2) though S V:〜だけれども ; though (S is) 〜(主節の主語と S が同じで、be 動詞が使われる場合、S is の省略可能。〜は主に形容詞・副詞)

◎ 3) although S V:〜だけれども(although の方が though よりも強意的)

○ 4) 〜 as (or ◇though) S V:〜だけれども(この構文では、although は使わない。なお、as を使った場合「〜なので」の意味になることが多い。また、〜には、形容詞・副詞・名詞・動詞が入るが、名詞が入る場合、冠詞は付けない。動詞はまれで、主に try が入り、try as S do (or will, may)(どんなに頑張っても)の形になる)

○ 5) however:しかしながら、 yet:けれども、 still:でも、  

◇nevertheless:それにもかかわらず、 ◇nonetheless:それにもかかわらず、 ◇all the same:それにもかかわらず


◎ 6) despite O:O にもかかわらず(in spite of より堅い表現。in spite of の代わりに新聞などでよく用いられる)( 6) から 12) の全てについて言えることだが、動名詞と使うのはぎこちない)

◎ 7) in spite of O:O にもかかわらず(やや強調的な表現)

○ 8) for all O:O にもかかわらず

○ 9) with all O:O (を持っているのが分かっている)にもかかわらず(「O を持っているので、O なので」という意味にもなる)

○10) regardless of O:O にかかわらず、O に関係なく(一般的に no matter wh- などの譲歩構文と書き換え可能なことが多い)

◇11) notwithstanding O ≒ △O notwithstanding:O にもかかわらず(堅い語)

◇12) irrespective of O:O にかかわらず、O に関係なく( 10) と同じ意味だが、もっと堅い表現)


◎13) S may do 〜(,) but S V …:なるほど〜だが、…(普通の表現)

◎14) S certainly (or indeed) V 〜(,) but S V …:なるほど〜だが、しかし…(certainly, indeed の位置は、一般動詞の前、be 動詞・助動詞の後、あるいは文頭)

◎15) it is true that S V 〜, but …:なるほど〜だが、しかし…(普通の表現)

○16) no doubt S V 〜, but S V …:なるほど〜だが、しかし…

○17) A, to be sure, but B:なるほどAであるが、Bである


◎18) even if S V:たとえ〜だとしても(実際に〜であるかどうかは分からない場合に用いる)

◎19) even though S V:実際に〜であるにもかかわらず(実際に〜である場合に用いる)

◎20) no matter wh- (S) V:〜しようとも(may はあまり使わない)

◎21) wh-ever (S) (may) V:〜しようとも(may を使うと堅くなる)

×22) be ever so 原級:いかに〜であろうとも(命令文を用いた譲歩表現。一部の熟語を除いて古い表現)


△23) granted (or granting) (that) S V:仮に〜としても(堅い表現。仮定法とは使わない。given も granting とほぼ同じ意味で、「〜だと仮定すると」の意味がある)

×24) admitting (that) S V:〜であることは認めるとしても(非常に堅苦しく、ぎこちない表現)

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