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<同意表現集>

「〜して(感情の原因)」



(43)彼が突然亡くなったと聞いてとても驚いた。

◎ 1) I was greatly surprised at his sudden death.

◎ 2) I was greatly surprised to hear of his sudden death.

◎ 3) I was greatly surprised when I heard of his sudden death.

◇ 4) Much to my surprise (or To my great surprise), he died suddenly (or I heard of his sudden death).

◇ 5) Surprisingly (enough)(△for me), he died suddenly (or I heard of his sudden death).

◇ 6) The news of his death greatly surprised me.

◇ 7) I was greatly surprised that he died (or △he should die, ×I heard of his death).




[解説]

◎ 1) at O:(感情を表す語句と共に) O を見て(聞いて、知って)(be surprised at O(O に驚く)のように熟語的に用いられることが多い)

◎ 2) to do:(感情を表す語句と共に)〜して(be surprised to do(〜して驚く)のように熟語的に用いられることが多い)

◎ 3) when S V:〜するときに(感情の原因ではなく、時間関係を表す)

◇ 4) to A's 感情を表す名詞:A が〜したことには(強意形は「to A's great 感情を表す名詞 ≒ much to A's 感情を表す名詞」)

◇ 5) surprisingly (enough):意外にも、驚いたことに(この enough には「十分に」という意味はほとんどない)

◇ 6) surprise O:O を驚かせる(「me, his」よりも「news」に焦点を合わせた表現)

◇ 7) that S V:(感情を表す形容詞・分詞と共に)〜して(主節の主語と that 節の主語が異なる場合に用いるのが原則。主語が同じ場合は to do を用いる)

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