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<英訳>

(4)「〜する気がしない」





(4)最近あまりテレビを見たいと感じない。

◆「最近」:"recently"、"lately"、"these days"、"nowadays"

◇ "recently" や "lately" は原則として現在完了と使い、現在形とは使わない。ただし "recently" は過去の一回限りの出来事(「最近〜した」)については過去形と使う。(→ 語法集§21(C) 2))

◇ "these days"、"nowadays" などは現在形と使うのが原則。(→ 語法集§21(C) 1))

◆「あまり〜ない」:
@ "否定語 really …"(主に感情や思考に関連する語句の直前で)
A "否定語 (…) very 形容詞・副詞の原級(形容詞化した過去分詞を含む)"
B "否定語 (…) (very or so) much 形容詞・副詞の比較級/過去分詞"
C "否定語 (…) (very) much like O"

◆「テレビを見る」:"watch TV (or television)"
"look at TV" や "see TV" は普通使わない。ただし、「テレビ番組」が目的語であれば、"watch" はもちろん "see、enjoy" も可能だが、"look at" はあまり普通ではない。なお、"watch" は「動いたり、変化したりする(可能性がある)ものを見る、見守る、観察する」場合に使う。また、"see" を "watch" と同様の意味で使うのは、一般的に目的語が "映画、演技、番組、催し、試合、ゲーム" など視聴者や観客を対象とする "performance, event" の場合である。
○ watch TV (or television)(テレビを見る)
△ look at TV (or television)
× see TV (or television)
○ watch (or see, enjoy) the program (on TV)(その番組を見る)
△ look at the program
× watch the painting
○ look at the painting(その絵を見る)
○ see the painting(その絵が見える)


【英訳例1】
I haven't really felt like watching TV recently.
【英訳例2】
I haven't felt (very) much like watching TV lately.
【英訳例3】
These days I'm not (or don't feel) much (or very, so) inclined to watch television.


◆ "really not, not really, not … really"
really (…) not:「全く…ない」
not really …:1)「あまり…ない」 2)「実は…ではない、本当に…というわけではない」
not … really:「実は…ではない、本当に…というわけではない」

◆ "very, very much, much"

◇ 肯定の場合:「非常に…」
@ "very 形容詞・副詞の原級/形容詞化した過去分詞":
・形容詞化した過去分詞:alarmed, annoyed, bored, confused, depressed, excited, frightened, interested, pleased, relaxed, satisfied, shocked, surprised, tired, worried など

○ I was very surprised at the news.(その知らせにとても驚いた)
○ I was greatly surprised at the news.
△ I was very much surprised at the news.
△ I was much surprised at the news.
× I was surprised at the news very much.


A "(very or so) much 形容詞・副詞の比較級/比較の概念を含む形容詞/a- で始まる形容詞の一部/過去分詞":
・比較の概念を含む形容詞:superior, preferable, different など;different は very が普通
・a- で始まる形容詞の一部:afraid, alike, ashamed など;very と使う方が普通; ただし awake や asleep などは wide awake, fast (or sound) asleep が普通
・過去分詞:preferred, admired, appreciated, regretted, surpassed など;これらの動詞は過去分詞以外の形でも much と使える
・注意:amazed, amused, delighted, astonished, disgusted, exhausted, terrified など強調的な語やあまり形容詞化していない語は (very) much とは使えるが、普通 very とは使わず、absolutely, completely, totally, utterly, quite, really, greatly などと使うことが多い

(比較級)
○ The new edition is much better.(新版のほうがずっと良い)
△ The new edition is very much better.
× The new edition is very better.

(過去分詞)
○ Your advice is (very) much appreciated.(あなたのご忠告に大変感謝いたします)
△ Your advice is appreciated very much.
× Your advice is appreciated much.

(比較概念)
○ The new edition is much superior to the old one.(新版のほうが旧版よりずっと良い)
× The new edition is very much superior to the old one.
× The new edition is very superior to the old one.

(different と a- で始まる形容詞は very と使うのが普通)
○ The new edition is much different from the old one.(新版は旧版と非常に違う)
△ The new edition is very much different from the old one.
○ The new edition is very different from the old one.
(a- で始まる形容詞)
○ He is much afraid of dogs.(彼は犬を非常に怖がる)
○ He is very much afraid of dogs.
○ He is very afraid of dogs.


B "(very) much 前置詞句(like O, in need of O, to one's 感情名詞 など)":

○ London today feels very much like New York.(現在のロンドンはまるでニューヨークのようだ)
× London today feels much like New York.(much like は否定文で使うのが普通)
× London today feels very like New York.
○ We are (very) much in need of help.(援助をとても必要としている)


◇ 否定の場合:「あまり…ない」(否定文の方が much の使用範囲は広がり、通例、very much より much の方が普通)
@ "否定 + very 形容詞・副詞の原級/形容詞化した過去分詞":
・形容詞化した過去分詞:alarmed, annoyed, bored, confused, depressed, excited, frightened, interested, pleased, relaxed, satisfied, shocked, surprised, tired, worried など)

○ I was not very surprised at the news.(その知らせにあまり驚かなかった)
○ I was not greatly surprised at the news.
△ I was not very much surprised at the news.
○ I was not much surprised at the news.
× I was not surprised at the news very much.


A "否定 + much 形容詞・副詞の比較級/比較の概念を含む形容詞/a- で始まる形容詞の一部/過去分詞":
・比較の概念を含む形容詞:superior, preferable, different など;different は very が普通
・a- で始まる形容詞の一部:afraid, alike, ashamed など;ただし awake や asleep は wide awake, fast (or sound) asleep などが普通)
・過去分詞:preferred, admired, appreciated, regretted, surpassed など;これらの動詞は過去分詞以外の形でも much と使える
・注意:amazed, amused, delighted, astonished, disgusted, exhausted, terrified など強調的な語やあまり形容詞化していない語は (very) much とは使えるが、(特に改まった表現では)very とは普通使わず、absolutely, completely, totally, utterly, quite, really, greatly などと使うことが多い

(比較級)
○ The new edition is not much better.(新版のほうがずっと良いということはない)
△ The new edition is not very much better.
× The new edition is not very better.

(過去分詞)
○ Your advice is not much appreciated.(あなたの忠告はあまり評価されていない)
△ Your advice is not very much appreciated.
× Your advice is not appreciated very much.
△ Your advice is not appreciated much.

(比較概念)
○ The new edition is not much superior to the old one.(新版のほうが旧版よりそれほど良いということはない)
× The new edition is not very much superior to the old one.
× The new edition is not very superior to the old one.

(different と a- で始まる形容詞は very と使うのが普通)
○ The new edition is not much different from the old one.(新版は旧版とあまり違っていない)
△ The new edition is not very much different from the old one.
○ The new edition is not very different from the old one.
(a- で始まる形容詞)
○ He is not much afraid of dogs.(彼は犬をあまり怖がらない)
△ He is not very much afraid of dogs.
○ He is not very afraid of dogs.


B "否定 + much like O":

○ I don't feel much like eating.(あまり物を食べる気がしない)
○ I don't feel like eating much.(much は eating の目的語と解釈されるのが普通)
△ I don't feel like eating very much.(very much は feel like を修飾すると解釈されるのが普通)
× I don't feel very much like eating.
× I don't feel very like eating.


C 程度を表す動詞・形容詞の場合:

○ I don't like him much.(彼のことがあまり好きではない)
○ I don't like him very much.
○ I'm not very (or so) fond of him.
× He is not much fond of dogs.


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